According to AHA Report, around 20 percent of Americans live in the rural areas without proper access to the medical specialists and services. Telemedicine is a great way to eliminate such an inconvenience.
The American Telemedicine Association defines telemedicine as the use of medical information exchanged from one site to another through electronic means to improve patient’s clinical health status. The two-way video, applications, email, smartphones, wireless tools and other options of telecommunications are implied by the electronic means. However, the definition can vary from state to state, impacting how services are paid for by payers.
There are three main modalities when speaking about telemedicine: real-time, store-and-forward, and remote patient monitoring. Real-time involves two-way patient-doctor interaction via audiovisual technology. Store-and-Forward means a transmission of patient’s records and history through secure electronic channels to a healthcare provider. Remote Patient Monitoring implies a collection of patient data with the help of technologies that is directed to the healthcare specialists later on. mHelalth and wearables are taking more and more share in the scope with the constant increase of healthcare technologies.
Telemedicine supports plenty of medical services, namely:
Telestroke, that is remote diagnosis and recommendations sent to the emergency doctors at other sites.
Teleradiology — images and media data transferred between sites for primary interpretation, consultation, and clinical review.
Tele-ICU (intensive care unit) — network and systems linked to the critical doctors and nurses.
Telemental Health — distant mental health services.
Telepathology — pathology practice performed at remote distances.
Cybersurgery — surgeons operate with telecommunication conduit connected to the robotic instruments and a remotely operated microscope.
Remote Monitoring — periodic monitoring by clinicians.
Telepharmacy — remote pharmaceutical care.
As Foley states, telemedicine will grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.3 percent by 2020 and will reach $36.2 billion, in comparison to 2014 with its $14.3 billion.
Telemedicine breaks down the international medical borders. According to the American Telemedicine Association, there are more than 200 healthcare academic centers in the U.S. that offer video consultations worldwide.
35 percent of providers with onsite facilities support telemedicine services with another 12 percent planning to adopt telemedicine in the next two years. Furthermore, Foley claims that 90 percent of healthcare leaders have already begun telemedicine initiatives. Another interesting finding is that around 70 percent of employers will offer telemedicine as a perk for employees already this year. 42 U.S. states issued more than 200 pieces of legislation dedicated to the telemedicine. 29 states have approved health plans covering telemedicine services.
American Well found out that 64 percent of U.S. consumers are OK about attending doctors via telehealth. Moreover, they prefer choosing doctors by themselves to being automatically assigned. Patients expect that telemedicine will become as a cost-saver and will be cheaper than an in-person visit.
It is estimated that the number of telehealth users will reach 3.2 million in 2018.
On the other hand, IHS Technology report forecasts 7 million telemedicine users in the same year. Statista predicts that there will be 3.8 million telehealth patients worldwide, and in 2018 the number will get to 7 billion. Moreover, it states that the revenue from the telehealth field will reach $4.5 billion in 2018 globally.
Glorium can boast of being a part of such a tremendous process as telemedicine development. We have a number of projects that connect patients and healthcare providers. Feel free to contact us regarding this topic at firstname.lastname@example.org.
To sum up, telemedicine is the healthcare sphere that makes medical services much more convenient and cost-effective. We are looking forward to the new telemedicine trends that are to come.